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IKN-RS-SOP-04: External Transfer of Radioactive Material



All the shipment of radioactive materials is regulated under the Atomic Energy Licencing Act (Act 304) and Regulations on Radiation Protection (Transport) 1989. Transportation of radioactive material involves three intermediate parties which are the consignor, carrier and consignee. The consignor is the person submitting packages of radioactive material while the consignee is the person who received the packages of radioactive material. Carrier is the person who brings the packaging of radioactive materials into a destination no matter by land, water or air. Each of these parties have their duty and responsibility.


The purpose of this document is as a guideline to transport the radioactive material outside the premises Institut Kanser Negara (IKN).


  •  Radiation Protection Officer (RPO)
  • Physicist
  • Radioactive Transporter Agent


Every shipment of radioactive material outside IKN.


  • Calibrated Survey Meter
  • Transport Cart
  • Shielding Carrier
  • Radioactive Sticker
  • Strap


RPO shall ensure Radioactive Transport Agent has a valid license, SOP and follow the local authority guideline when transport radioactive material from the IKN.

Exempt Radioactive Material

  1. A consignment may be exempt from the transport regulations if the quantity of material being carried not listed Atomic Energy Licencing Act (Act 304) and Regulations on Radiation Protection (Transport) 1989.
  2. All materials are, to some extent, radioactive but the various rules and regulations around the world set levels, below which, the material isn’t considered to be subject to regulation. In Dangerous Goods transport this is known as Exempt Radioactive Material.
  3. Both the activity concentration AND the activity limit in Table 1 below must be exceeded for the material or waste to be defined as being radioactive. If one isn’t exceeded, the consignment is exempt and the transport regulations surrounding the transport of radioactive material don’t reply; however, see further guidance in this section. Users should also consider if the consignment may contain a sub-risk associated with another Dangerous Goods class; if so, contact RPO.   04 Table1
  4. RPO shall ensure the correct marking and labelling of radioactive material packages, and vehicles, for transport is a fundamental requirement of the regulations.
  5. The marking of radioactive material packages essentially means the text that is used to provide specific information about that package.
  6. Excepted Packages do not need to carry any external marks other than the letters “UN” followed by the appropriate UN number, and an identification of the consignee/consignor. They are also required to be marked with orientation arrows, if liquids are being carried, and the gross permitted mass, if the mass of the package is in excess of 50kg.
  7. Type-A packages must also be marked as per Excepted Packages but additionally the Proper Shipping Name, the text “Type-A”, the originating International Vehicle Registration (VRI) code and must appear on the package in a durable and legible format as follow the Atomic Energy Licencing Act (Act 304) and Regulations on Radiation Protection (Transport) 1989 regulations.
  8. The labelling of radioactive material packages refers to the diamond-shaped warning signs that use colours and symbols to identify the hazard within the package as shown in Figure 1.
  9. Radioactive Transport Agent shall measure the exposure from the pacakges and determine the transport index before ship the radioactive material.
  10. Radioactive Transport Agent shall perform all the measurements and  fill all necessary information in the transportation form provided by them. RPO or appointed radiation workers shall make a copy of the report.  04 Fig1RadioactiveLabel



  1. Atomic Energy Licensing (Basic Safety Radiation Protection) Regulations 2010.
  2. Atomic Energy Licensing (Transport) Regulations 1989.
  3. Nuclear Medicine Resource Manual, IAEA 2006.



This Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) was developed based on compilation of best available information, knowledge, field experience, and general practices to provide guidance to IKN staff in performing the activities defined herein, in a consistent and standardised manner.
IKN does not guarantee nor accept any legal liability whatsoever arising from or connected to the accuracy, reliability, currency or completeness of any material contained herein.
IKN shall take no responsibility for and will not be held liable for this document being temporarily unavailable due to technical issues beyond our power and control.